Prof. Jeffery Woolf, a professor in the Talmud department in Bar Ilan University, told reporter Arieh O’Sullivan that the origins of Hanuka had a double character; one of a successful guerrilla war against a major ancient power, but from the beginning Jews saw it as evidence of God intervening in history through the guise of history. He said that book of Maccabees was not part of the canon of the Bible and secular Jews and early Zionists used the story of Hanuka as a way to build nationalism and a sense of peoplehood.